What is the difference between Color and Colour?

The word Color is used in United States.
The word Colour is used in the rest of the English-speaking countries (England, Australia, NZ etc.)

The names of the more common colours in English appear in the chart below:
Both words mean the same thing and its spelling depends on the country where the word is written.

What is the difference between Gray and Grey?

The same as with the difference between color and colour, it depends on the country.

The word Gray is used in United States.
The word Grey is used in the rest of the English-speaking countries (England, Australia, NZ etc.)

Word order with colours

There are three ways that you can use a colour in a sentence to describe something:

1. To Be + Colour. e.g. My car is blue.
2. Colour + Noun. e.g. The blue car is mine.
3. Colour is the Noun. e.g. Blue is the colour of my car.

Did you know that, because colours give us more information about a person or a thing, they are adjectives in English?

Light - Dark - Bright

You can also talk in shades (or intensity) of colour in English by using such expressions as:

Light is the opposite of Dark.

Bright a strong colour that is easy to see.
Helen has got dark green eyes.
His light grey hair made him look very distinguished.
Her bright pink lipstick doesn't look good.

The words Light, Dark and Bright are placed before the colour.

Colours + ISH

If you are not exactly sure how to describe a colour, we normally use the suffix -ish.
e.g. Greenish (= approximately green but not exactly green)
The sunset is a beautiful pinkish-purplish colour today.
His shirt is lightish blue in colour.

Typical Things of each Colour

The following is a list of things typically associated with each colour:

Red: Strawberry, Rose, Fire engine, Blood, Heart
Orange: Pumpkin, Carrot, Basketball
Yellow:Cheese, Sun, Butter, Lemon
Green: Grass, Lettuce, Frog, Leaf, Lizard
Blue: Sky, Ocean, Blueberry, Whale
Black: Bat, Night, Tire (tyre), Fly
White: Paper, Sugar, Milk, Snow, Sheep
Pink: Pig, Tongue, Cotton candy (Candy floss)
Brown: Wood, Cigar, Earth, Acorn, Horse 
Grey/Gray: Rock, Lead, Dust, Mouse, Elephant
Purple: Bruise, Grapes

How many more things can you add to each colour?

Days of the week.

The days of the week in English begin with CAPITAL letters.
  • Monday
  • Tuesday
  • Wednesday
  • Thursday
  • Friday
  • Saturday
  • Sunday

Saturday and Sunday are known as the weekend.


Months of the year. 

The months of the year in English begin with CAPITAL letters.

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

  • Seasons of the Year.
    • summer
    • winter
    • spring
    • autumn / fall

    Fall is used in United States, autumn in the rest of the world.

    Capital Letters.

    Remember, in English that the first letter of the day or month is ALWAYS in capital letters.

    January correct - january incorrect
    Thursday correct - thursday incorrect

    Though the first letter of the seasons  DOES NOT  begin with a capital letters.

    Spring incorrect - spring correct


    The Weather in English.

    In English, we usually use it is when we talk about the weather.
    This is normally: It is + adjective OR It is + verb-ing
    It is + adjective = A description of the weather
    • It is sunny today.
    • It's hot and humid today.
    • It'sa nice day today.
    We can also say:
    It is a + adjective + day (or morning/afternoon/night)
    • It's a fine day.
    • It's a windy afternoon.
    It is + verb-ing = This type of weather is happening now.
    • It's drizzling outside.
    • It's snowing.
    • Take an umbrella, it's raining.
    You can also use it is in different tenses
    • It was cold yesterday.
    • It will be cloudy tomorrow.

    When you are learning vocabulary about the weather, it is important to remember that some of the words have a noun form, a verb form and/or an adjective form. For example:
    • Rain: (noun) The game was cancelled because of the rain.
    • Rain: (verb) I think it is going to rain later.
    • Rainy: (adjective) It's a rainy day.
    It pays to learn the different forms of each word and when they are used.

    Nouns and Adjectives

    Many times when we are talking about the weather, we can add the letter Y to the end of a noun to make it an adjective.
    • rain (noun) - rainy (adjective)
    • sun (noun) - sunny (adjective)
    • wind (noun) - windy (adjective)
    • cloud (noun) - cloudy (adjective)
    • fog (noun) - foggy (adjective)

    Questions about the weather

    People commonly ask about the weather by saying:
    • What's it like out(side)?
    • How's the weather?
    • What's the weather like?
    • What's the temperature?
    • What's the weather forecast?

    Vocabulary about the weather in English

    This vocabulary is divided into different categories to make it easier. We have:
    Clear or CloudyTypes of RainCold stuffTypes of WindMixed Vocabulary

    Clear or Cloudy

    Bright: (adjective) full of light; when the sun is shining strongly
    Sunny: (adjective) the sun is shining and there are no clouds
    Clear: (adjective) without clouds
    Fine: (adjective) not raining, clear sky
    Partially cloudy: (adjective) when there is a mixture of both blue sky and clouds
    Cloudy: (adjective) with many clouds in the sky
    Overcast: (adjective) covered with cloud; dull
    Gloomy: (adjective) with dark clouds and dull light; some people consider this weather depressing
    Sometimes the cloud lowers to ground level and it becomes harder to see…
    Fog (noun)/ foggy (adjective): thick cloud close to land
    Mist (noun) / misty (adjective): light fog, often on the sea or caused by drizzle
    Haze (noun) / hazy (adjective): light mist, usually caused by heat

    Types of Rain

    Damp: (adjective) slightly wet (often after the rain has stopped)
    Drizzle: (verb/noun) to rain lightly with very fine drops
    Shower: (noun) a short period of rain
    Rain: (verb/noun) water that falls from the clouds in drops
    Downpour: (noun) heavy rain
    Pour: (verb) to have heavy rain
    It's raining cats and dogs: (Idiom) To rain heavily
    Torrential rain: (noun) very heavy rain
    Flood: (verb/noun) to become covered in water usually due to excessive rain

    Cold stuff

    Hail: (verb) when frozen rain falls as small balls of ice (hailstones).
    Hailstones: (noun) the small hard balls of ice that fall from the sky
    Snow: (noun/verb) frozen rain that falls from the sky as soft snowflakes
    Snowflake: (noun) an individual piece of snow
    Sleet: (noun/verb) snow or hail mixed with rain (often with some wind)
    Blizzard: (noun) severe snowstorm with strong winds

    Types of Wind

    Breeze: a gentle wind (often nice or refreshing)
    Blustery: blowing (strong) gusts of wind
    Windy: continual wind.
    Gale: a very strong wind
    Hurricane/cyclone/typhoon: a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce winds and heavy rain.
    What's the difference between a hurricane, a typhoon and a cyclone?
    They are the same thing just with different names because of the region they are in.
    Atlantic/Northeast Pacific = a hurricane
    Northwest Pacific = a typhoon
    Southern Hemisphere = a cyclone
    Tornado: (noun) strong violent circular winds in a small area; a rapidly revolving column of air
    In United States the word twister is often used instead of tornado.

    The Temperature in English

    The temperature is how hot or cold something is.
    We use a thermometer to measure the temperature of something.
    Temperature is usually measure in degrees.
    The ° symbol after a number means degrees.
    30° = thirty degrees
    There are two main systems used for measuring temperature:
    °F = degrees Fahrenheit (only used in United States)
    °C = degrees Celsius (used in the rest of the world)
    When talking about the temperature we normally use:
    It + is/was/will be + adjective
    • It is chilly today.
    • It was warm yesterday.
    • It will be cold tomorrow.

    Here is a chart showing temperature vocabulary:

    The temperatures given are only an approximation to give you an idea of when to use them.
    28°C (or more) - Hot
    15 to 28°C - Warm
    10 to 15°C - Cool
    5 to 10°C - Chilly
    0 to 5°C - Cold
    0°C (or less) - Freezing
    Remember, what is hot in one country may only be considered warm in another.
    What may be chilly in one country may be freezing in another.
    The following words refer to being MORE than hot and are used for temperatures over 30°C.
    Boiling: very hot, often used in negative contexts
    Humid: hot and damp. It makes you sweat a lot
    Muggy: warm and damp in an unpleasant way
    Scorching: very hot, often used in positive contexts
    Stifling: hot and you can hardly breath
    Sweltering: hot and uncomfortable
    So what makes a day hot or cold? It depends on the weather…

    More vocabulary about the weather

    Drought: (noun) Long periods of time without rain causing a lack of water in the area
    • A lot of the crops dried up because of the drought.
    Forecast: (noun) A prediction of how the weather will be on a certain day
    • The forecast says it's going to rain tomorrow.
    Lightning: (noun) A flash of light in the sky during a storm.
    • Lightning lit the sky many times that night.
    Puddle: (noun) a small pool of water on the ground, usually after rain.
    • The kids jumped in the puddles on the way home from school.
    Rainbow: (noun) an arch of colors in the sky formed when the sun shines through rain
    • I took a photo of a beautiful rainbow that was just above the lake.
    Smog: (noun) a cloud of pollution hanging over a city (a fog of smoke)
    • The view of the city wasn't very good because it was covered in thick smog.
    Sunburn: (noun) painful red skin caused by spending too long in the hot sun.
    • If you don't put on your sunscreen, you'll get sunburn.
    Sunshine: (noun) the light and heat of the sun
    • I could feel the warm sunshine on my back.
    Thunder: (noun/verb) the rumbling sound in the clouds that happens after lightning
    • The cat hid inside because it was scared by the thunder.

    Sentences using weather vocabulary

    • It is usually chilly and damp in autumn, sometimes with rain or drizzle.
    • I'm so glad there is a breeze right now otherwise it would be very hot.
    • It is so humid that I've had to change my shirt twice already.
    • It's a blustery day; make sure your umbrella doesn't blow away.
    • Take a sweatshirt because it's a little chilly outside.
    • Those large hailstones left dents in my car.
    • There has been a gale warning so it's not safe to go out fishing on our boat.
    • There was a drought in our province last summer. It didn't rain for three months.
    • We won't be able to see the solar eclipse because it's overcast.

    Questions using weather vocabulary

    • What's the weather like in Buenos Aires in January?
    • How's the weather in Moscow in winter?
    • It's pretty hot. What's the temperature?
    • Is it raining outside?
    • What's the forecast for tomorrow?




















    The most common ways to ask about someone's health are:

    How do you feel (today)?
    How are you feeling?
    Is everything okay?

    They will most likely respond:

    I'm fine.
    I feel sick.
    Not so good.
    Not very well.
    I don't feel well.
    I'm sick.

    When you see (or hear) that they are not well, then you can ask:

    What's the matter?
    What's wrong?

    If the person wants to say what is wrong, they may give the reason they feel that way:

    I have ... (+ health condition)
    I've got ... (+ health condition)
    I have a headache
    I've got a sore throat.

    List of Health Problems

    The following is a list of common health problems (ailments and illnesses) with the definition of each word or expression:

    asthma: a respiratory condition where spasms in the lungs cause difficult in breathing. An asthmatic uses an inhaler to calm the spasms.

    a backache: a prolonged pain in the back.

    a broken leg: when a bone in the leg is broken. A broken leg is put in a cast to help immobilize the leg so that it heals quicker. Other parts of the body with bones can also be broken, for example a broken arm, a broken wrist etc.

    a cold: a common viral infection which causes mucous to run from the nose, gives a sore throat and often includes sneezing.

    a cough: the act of expelling air from the lungs with a sudden sharp sound.

    an earache: pain inside the ear.

    a fever: an abnormally high body temperature, usually accompanied by shivering and a headache.

    the flu: flu is the common name given for influenza. It is a contagious viral infection of the respiratory passages that causes fever and sever aching.

    a headache: a continuous pain in the head.

    heartburn: a form of indigestion felt as a burning sensation in the chest. It is caused by acid regurgitation into the esophagus.

    (the) measles: an infectious viral disease causing fever and a red rash on the skin. It typically occurs in childhood.

    a rash: a lot of small red spots on the skin that are usually itchy.

    a sore throat: a condition of pain in the throat, typically caused by inflammation of it.

    a stomachache (US) - stomach ache (Brit): The pain in a person's belly. Notice how the word can be spelled together or as two words, depending on the country.

    sunburn: when the skin becomes red with inflammation as a result of overexposure to the ultraviolet rays of the sun.

    a toothache: the pain in a tooth or teeth.

    The difference between sick and ill

    To most people, both sick and ill more or less mean the same thing, that you are not in a healthy condition.

    Sick is less formal than ill and usually describes short-term ailments or diseases (like a cold or cough). Sick can also refer to feeling nauseous. In British English, to be sick can mean to vomit.

    Ill is often for more serious health problems (like cancer or pneumonia) but can also be used for short-term ones.

    Illness (noun) refers to a medical condition. Sickness (noun) refers to how you feel.

    The difference between ache and pain

    ACHE is a continuous or prolonged dull pain in a part of the body. It can often be a throbbing sensation that covers more than one point. You can sometimes try and ignore an ache.

    PAIN is physical suffering or discomfort caused by illness or injury. It is usually a sharp sensation in a specific part of the body and hurts more than an ache.

    List of clothing for men, ladies and babies vocabulary.

    Men's clothes

    1. Suit / suits: Suits can be worn by men a women suit are different to a mans suit.
    2. Waistcoat / waistcoats: Are worn with a suit although women tend not to wear them.
    3. Long-sleeved shirt / long-sleeved: Shirts Shirts are worn with suits, but also can be worn with trousers or jeans.
    4. Short-sleeved shirt / short-sleeved shirts:
    5. Tie / ties: Ties are worn with shirts and also when wearing a suit.

    Women's clothes

    1. dress / dresses: A garment for women and girls, that consists of bodice and skirt in one piece.
    2. Blouse / blouses: Worn with a women's suit or with a skirt.
    3. Skirt / skirts: Skirts are only from the waist down and can vary in length.
    4. Tank-top / tank-tops: A item of clothing that as no arms and has shoulder straps.

    Uni-Sex (clothes that can be worn by a man or women)

    1. Coat / coats: Coats normally are waist length, but can be as long as ankle length, and are used to protect us from the weather.
    2. Jacket / jackets: most jackets are waist length and open down the front.
    3. T-shirt / t-shirts: a light garment where the short sleeves, t-shirts get there names as when laid flat look like the letter t.
    4. Polo shirt / polo shirts: a short-sleeved, pullover sport shirt, normally of cotton, with a round neckband or a turnover collar.
    5. Trouser / trousers: Worn with a shirt or as part of a suit, however they can be worn with a t-shirt as well.
    6. Jean / jeans: Normally are a blue colour , but can be most colours and Levis are a popular brand.
    7. Short / shorts: Can be knee length or shorter depending on the style.
    8. Jumper / jumpers or pullover / pullovers: A garment that is pulled over your head so it can be worn.
    9. Cardigan / cardigans: Normally a collarless knitted sweater or jacket that opens down the front.
    10. sweatshirt / sweatshirts: A garment that is pulled over your head so it can be worn.

    Baby clothes

    1. Nappy / nappies: Used on babies till they are toilet trained.
    2. Baby grows: Covers the whole body and is fastened on the back.
    3. Dummy / dummies: To help sooth babies.

    HoIiday and leisure clothes

    1. swimming trunk / swimming trunks: Can be a pair of shorts or skin tight pair of briefs.
    2. bikini / bikinis: A 2 piece costume ladies wear on the beach or swimming.
    3. swimsuit / swimsuits / or swimmimg costume / swimmimg costumes: A 1 piece item that covers the body from the neck to the waist.

    Underwear men

    1. boxers
    2. briefs
    3. y-fronts
    4. vest / vests

    Ladies underwear

    1. bra / bras
    2. knicker / knickers or brief / briefs:
    3. tights
    4. stockings or suspenders:
    5. vest / vests:


    1. Shoe / shoes (unisex): can be worn for many things such as, going to work, shopping and walking.
    2. High heels (ladies shoes): A ladies shoe that as a heel that can be between 1 inch and 10 inch.
    3. boot / boots: Boots are normally ankle high, although ladies boots sometime can be knee high.
    4. wellington / wellingtons: normally about knee height and used to stop your feet wet.
    5. Slipper / slippers: Only worn in side the house to help keep your feet warm.
    6. Sock / socks (unisex): A garment worn on the foot before putting your shoes or trainers on.
    7. Trainer / trainers: Can be used for most sports and also worn as a fashion statement.
    8. Flip flops: Are a thong sandal and the name was given due to the noise when people walk in them.
    9. Plimsolls: Normally worn when going to the gym.


    1. Baseball cap / baseball caps: Worn by many young people as a fashion statement, it can be worn to shield the sun from your eyes.
    2. Sun hat / sun hats: Used to protect your head and shoulders from the sun.
    3. Bowler hat / bowler hats: An old English hat from the 1800's and still worn sometimes by the upper class.
    4. Knitted hat / knitted hats or woolen hat(s) or bobble hat(s): Worn when the weather is very cold.

    Clothes for men and women vocabulary

    Learning about clothes English lesson

    Clothes and accessories vocabulary

    Learning about clothes and accessories English lesson



    TO BE


    TO JUMP (or any verb ending with consonant)

    TO GO (or any verb ending with vowel)

    TO BE

    TO JUMP ( or any regular verb )

    TO GO ( or any irregular verb)



    TO BE ( or any verb)


    (verb followed by a particle)

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