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Tuesday, 17 May 2016

CLOTHES




List of clothing for men, ladies and babies vocabulary.


Men's clothes
  1. Suit / suits: Suits can be worn by men a women suit are different to a mans suit.
  2. Waistcoat / waistcoats: Are worn with a suit although women tend not to wear them.
  3. Long-sleeved shirt / long-sleeved: Shirts Shirts are worn with suits, but also can be worn with trousers or jeans.
  4. Short-sleeved shirt / short-sleeved shirts:
  5. Tie / ties: Ties are worn with shirts and also when wearing a suit.

Women's clothes

  1. dress / dresses: A garment for women and girls, that consists of bodice and skirt in one piece.
  2. Blouse / blouses: Worn with a women's suit or with a skirt.
  3. Skirt / skirts: Skirts are only from the waist down and can vary in length.
  4. Tank-top / tank-tops: A item of clothing that as no arms and has shoulder straps.

Uni-Sex (clothes that can be worn by a man or women)

  1. Coat / coats: Coats normally are waist length, but can be as long as ankle length, and are used to protect us from the weather.
  2. Jacket / jackets: most jackets are waist length and open down the front.
  3. T-shirt / t-shirts: a light garment where the short sleeves, t-shirts get there names as when laid flat look like the letter t.
  4. Polo shirt / polo shirts: a short-sleeved, pullover sport shirt, normally of cotton, with a round neckband or a turnover collar.
  5. Trouser / trousers: Worn with a shirt or as part of a suit, however they can be worn with a t-shirt as well.
  6. Jean / jeans: Normally are a blue colour , but can be most colours and Levis are a popular brand.
  7. Short / shorts: Can be knee length or shorter depending on the style.
  8. Jumper / jumpers or pullover / pullovers: A garment that is pulled over your head so it can be worn.
  9. Cardigan / cardigans: Normally a collarless knitted sweater or jacket that opens down the front.
  10. sweatshirt / sweatshirts: A garment that is pulled over your head so it can be worn.

Baby clothes

  1. Nappy / nappies: Used on babies till they are toilet trained.
  2. Baby grows: Covers the whole body and is fastened on the back.
  3. Dummy / dummies: To help sooth babies.

HoIiday and leisure clothes

  1. swimming trunk / swimming trunks: Can be a pair of shorts or skin tight pair of briefs.
  2. bikini / bikinis: A 2 piece costume ladies wear on the beach or swimming.
  3. swimsuit / swimsuits / or swimmimg costume / swimmimg costumes: A 1 piece item that covers the body from the neck to the waist.

Underwear men

  1. boxers
  2. briefs
  3. y-fronts
  4. vest / vests

Ladies underwear

  1. bra / bras
  2. knicker / knickers or brief / briefs:
  3. tights
  4. stockings or suspenders:
  5. vest / vests:

Foot-ware

  1. Shoe / shoes (unisex): can be worn for many things such as, going to work, shopping and walking.
  2. High heels (ladies shoes): A ladies shoe that as a heel that can be between 1 inch and 10 inch.
  3. boot / boots: Boots are normally ankle high, although ladies boots sometime can be knee high.
  4. wellington / wellingtons: normally about knee height and used to stop your feet wet.
  5. Slipper / slippers: Only worn in side the house to help keep your feet warm.
  6. Sock / socks (unisex): A garment worn on the foot before putting your shoes or trainers on.
  7. Trainer / trainers: Can be used for most sports and also worn as a fashion statement.
  8. Flip flops: Are a thong sandal and the name was given due to the noise when people walk in them.
  9. Plimsolls: Normally worn when going to the gym.

Head-ware

  1. Baseball cap / baseball caps: Worn by many young people as a fashion statement, it can be worn to shield the sun from your eyes.
  2. Sun hat / sun hats: Used to protect your head and shoulders from the sun.
  3. Bowler hat / bowler hats: An old English hat from the 1800's and still worn sometimes by the upper class.
  4. Knitted hat / knitted hats or woolen hat(s) or bobble hat(s): Worn when the weather is very cold.

Clothes for men and women vocabulary

Learning about clothes English lesson

Clothes and accessories vocabulary


Learning about clothes and accessories English lesson















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Saturday, 16 January 2016

WEATHER



The Weather in English


In English, we usually use it is when we talk about the weather.
This is normally: It is + adjective OR It is + verb-ing
It is + adjective = A description of the weather
  • It is sunny today.
  • It's hot and humid today.
  • It'sa nice day today.
We can also say:
It is a + adjective + day (or morning/afternoon/night)
  • It's a fine day.
  • It's a windy afternoon.
It is + verb-ing = This type of weather is happening now.
  • It's drizzling outside.
  • It's snowing.
  • Take an umbrella, it's raining.
You can also use it is in different tenses
  • It was cold yesterday.
  • It will be cloudy tomorrow.
When you are learning vocabulary about the weather, it is important to remember that some of the words have a noun form, a verb form and/or an adjective form. For example:
  • Rain: (noun) The game was cancelled because of the rain.
  • Rain: (verb) I think it is going to rain later.
  • Rainy: (adjective) It's a rainy day.
It pays to learn the different forms of each word and when they are used.

Nouns and Adjectives
Many times when we are talking about the weather, we can add the letter Y to the end of a noun to make it an adjective.
  • rain (noun) - rainy (adjective)
  • sun (noun) - sunny (adjective)
  • wind (noun) - windy (adjective)
  • cloud (noun) - cloudy (adjective)
  • fog (noun) - foggy (adjective)

Questions about the weather

People commonly ask about the weather by saying:
  • What's it like out(side)?
  • How's the weather?
  • What's the weather like?
  • What's the temperature?
  • What's the weather forecast?


Weather Vocabulary in English

Vocabulary about the weather in English

We have divided this vocabulary into different categories to make it easier. We have:
Clear or Cloudy – Types of Rain – Cold stuff – Types of Wind – Mixed Vocabulary


Clear or Cloudy

Bright: (adjective) full of light; when the sun is shining strongly
Sunny: (adjective) the sun is shining and there are no clouds
Clear: (adjective) without clouds
Fine: (adjective) not raining, clear sky
Partially cloudy: (adjective) when there is a mixture of both blue sky and clouds
Cloudy: (adjective) with many clouds in the sky
Overcast: (adjective) covered with cloud; dull
Gloomy: (adjective) with dark clouds and dull light; some people consider this weather depressing
Sometimes the cloud lowers to ground level and it becomes harder to see…
Fog (noun)/ foggy (adjective): thick cloud close to land
Mist (noun) / misty (adjective): light fog, often on the sea or caused by drizzle
Haze (noun) / hazy (adjective): light mist, usually caused by heat


Types of Rain

Damp: (adjective) slightly wet (often after the rain has stopped)
Drizzle: (verb/noun) to rain lightly with very fine drops
Shower: (noun) a short period of rain
Rain: (verb/noun) water that falls from the clouds in drops
Downpour: (noun) heavy rain
Pour: (verb) to have heavy rain
It's raining cats and dogs: (Idiom) To rain heavily
Torrential rain: (noun) very heavy rain
Flood: (verb/noun) to become covered in water usually due to excessive rain


Cold stuff

Hail: (verb) when frozen rain falls as small balls of ice (hailstones).
Hailstones: (noun) the small hard balls of ice that fall from the sky
Snow: (noun/verb) frozen rain that falls from the sky as soft snowflakes
Snowflake: (noun) an individual piece of snow
Sleet: (noun/verb) snow or hail mixed with rain (often with some wind)
Blizzard: (noun) severe snowstorm with strong winds


Types of Wind

Breeze: a gentle wind (often nice or refreshing)
Blustery: blowing (strong) gusts of wind
Windy: continual wind.
Gale: a very strong wind
Hurricane/cyclone/typhoon: a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce winds and heavy rain.
What's the difference between a hurricane, a typhoon and a cyclone?
They are the same thing just with different names because of the region they are in.
Atlantic/Northeast Pacific = a hurricane
Northwest Pacific = a typhoon
Southern Hemisphere = a cyclone
Tornado: (noun) strong violent circular winds in a small area; a rapidly revolving column of air
In United States the word twister is often used instead of tornado.


The Temperature in English

The temperature is how hot or cold something is.
We use a thermometer to measure the temperature of something.
Temperature is usually measure in degrees.
The ° symbol after a number means degrees.
30° = thirty degrees
There are two main systems used for measuring temperature:
°F = degrees Fahrenheit (only used in United States)
°C = degrees Celsius (used in the rest of the world)
When talking about the temperature we normally use:
It + is/was/will be + adjective
  • It is chilly today.
  • It was warm yesterday.
  • It will be cold tomorrow.

Here is a chart showing temperature vocabulary:
The Temperature - English Vocabulary

The temperatures given are only an approximation to give you an idea of when to use them.
28°C (or more) - Hot
15 to 28°C - Warm
10 to 15°C - Cool
5 to 10°C - Chilly
0 to 5°C - Cold
0°C (or less) - Freezing
Remember, what is hot in one country may only be considered warm in another.
What may be chilly in one country may be freezing in another.
The following words refer to being MORE than hot and are used for temperatures over 30°C.
Boiling: very hot, often used in negative contexts
Humid: hot and damp. It makes you sweat a lot
Muggy: warm and damp in an unpleasant way
Scorching: very hot, often used in positive contexts
Stifling: hot and you can hardly breath
Sweltering: hot and uncomfortable
So what makes a day hot or cold? It depends on the weather…

More vocabulary about the weather


Drought: (noun) Long periods of time without rain causing a lack of water in the area
  • A lot of the crops dried up because of the drought.
Forecast: (noun) A prediction of how the weather will be on a certain day
  • The forecast says it's going to rain tomorrow.
Lightning: (noun) A flash of light in the sky during a storm.
  • Lightning lit the sky many times that night.
Puddle: (noun) a small pool of water on the ground, usually after rain.
  • The kids jumped in the puddles on the way home from school.
Rainbow: (noun) an arch of colors in the sky formed when the sun shines through rain
  • I took a photo of a beautiful rainbow that was just above the lake.
Smog: (noun) a cloud of pollution hanging over a city (a fog of smoke)
  • The view of the city wasn't very good because it was covered in thick smog.
Sunburn: (noun) painful red skin caused by spending too long in the hot sun.
  • If you don't put on your sunscreen, you'll get sunburn.
Sunshine: (noun) the light and heat of the sun
  • I could feel the warm sunshine on my back.
Thunder: (noun/verb) the rumbling sound in the clouds that happens after lightning
  • The cat hid inside because it was scared by the thunder.


Sentences using weather vocabulary

  • It is usually chilly and damp in autumn, sometimes with rain or drizzle.
  • I'm so glad there is a breeze right now otherwise it would be very hot.
  • It is so humid that I've had to change my shirt twice already.
  • It's a blustery day; make sure your umbrella doesn't blow away.
  • Take a sweatshirt because it's a little chilly outside.
  • Those large hailstones left dents in my car.
  • There has been a gale warning so it's not safe to go out fishing on our boat.
  • There was a drought in our province last summer. It didn't rain for three months.
  • We won't be able to see the solar eclipse because it's overcast.


Questions using weather vocabulary

  • What's the weather like in Buenos Aires in January?
  • How's the weather in Moscow in winter?
  • It's pretty hot. What's the temperature?
  • Is it raining outside?
  • What's the forecast for tomorrow?


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