Thursday, 21 March 2030


Saturday, 9 December 2017


Shopping is an important part of our daily life's. When you enter a shop, store or supermarket a shop assistant might come to and ask you one of following questions:
  1. Can I help you?
  2. May I help you?
  3. Is there anything I can do for you?
  4. Hello sir/ madam how may I help you today?
  5. Can I help you find what you are looking for?
  6. Are you looking for anything in particular?
How to answer some of these questions :
  1. Yes please. I am trying to find some baby food.
  2. Yes. Can you tell me if you sell toothpaste?
  3. OK, please tell me where I can find shampoo?
Questions you might want to ask:
  1. Hello, can you help me?
  2. Is it OK to ask you something?

When  leaving the store, the shop / sales assistant or checkout worker might ask the following questions.
  1. Did you manage to find everything you wanted?
  2. Is that all?
  3. Is that everything?
  4. Do you need anything else, madam / sir?
  5. Will that be all?
Customer can use the following answers.
  1. Yes, that's it. Can I pay my bill now, please?
  2. Yes, that's all for today. Thank you.

Speaking tips: Remember to be polite. Use the words like 'please', 'thank-you' and 'excuse me'.
  1. You will use 'please' when you are asking somebody for something.
  2. You will use 'thank you' when you have received something.
  3. You will use 'excuse me' before you interrupt somebody.
Sometimes you will have to ask for help if you cannot find the product that you are looking for or asking for the various ways to pay for your goods.

Phrases that will be useful when shopping.
  1. Have you got? = Have you got any toothpaste?
  2. Do you have? = Do you have any first aids kits?
  3. Which aisle is the tooth paste in? (Aisle is the walk way between the shelves)
  4. Can I pay using my visa credit card? = Using your credit card or bank card to pay for your goods.
  5. Can I have a plastic bag to put my shopping in, please? = plastics bags used to carry your shopping in. Some supermarket’s you need to ask for plastic bags, most times you will not have to ask for them.

What is the high street?

The 'high street' is where most of the shops in towns and cities are located. British high streets now look more alike, with the same large chain stores in all major towns and cities, which sell clothes, shoes and electronic goods. There are still smaller family run stores, which specialise in certain goods and products.
  • Butcher’s shop (sells meat)
  • Baker’s or bakery (sells bread and cakes)
  • Greengrocer’s (sells fruit and vegetables, also known simply as the ‘grocer’s’)
  • Stationer's (sells paper, pencils, pens, printer cartridges and things for an office)
  • Chemist's or Drugstore (sells medicines and toiletries)
  • Hardware store (sells equipment and tools that you use in your home and yard: nails, screws also paint, glue,etc.)
  • Newsagent's (sells newspapers and magazines and also cigarrettes and sweets).
  • Off-license (sells only alcohol such as beer, wine and spirits. Many off-licenses also sell confectionary and cigarettes).

Shops you might want to know

Butcher’s                Baker’s/bakery               Newsagent’s
Chemist’s               Off-license                      Local corner shop
Clothes shop           Shoe shop                      Supermarket
Market                   Greengrocers                  Sports shop
Book shop              Sandwich shop

Supermarket: A large store that sells many different kinds of food and things people need for the house.
Corner shop: A small shop near your heme that opens very long hours and sells food and important things. 

What is a local corner shop?
Towns and cities across the UK often have a small local corner shop (convenience store) that normally stays open for very long hours, seven day a week, and stocks many essentials such as milk, bread, some basic foods and toiletries.
Stores that sell different types of goods:

Convenience store: A store where you can buy food, newspapers, etc., that is often open 24 hours each day. Also known as small local corner shop.
Department store: A large store that sells many different products, such as clothes, kitchen equipment, etc.
Chain store: One of a group of stores owned by the same company.
Superstore: A very big store, especially one that has many different types of products, or one that has a lot of one type of product.

Food stores

  • food store, supermarket, grocery store, convenience store, farmers' market, food market;
  • meat store (the butcher's), fish store, bakery (the baker's), dairy / dairy store;
  • fruit store, fruit and vegetables store (the greengrocery / the greengrocer's);
  • deli store / deli (delicatessen), confectionery, liquor store;
  • street vendor, ice cream vendor, fruit vendor; fruit stand, hot-dog stand, ice cream stand.
Stores that sell goods more cheaply:
Outlet store: A store that sells things for less than the usual price.
Warehouse store: A store that sells things in large amounts at lower prices.




  • bakery department / bakery section / baked goods;
  • meat section, fresh meat counter, frozen meat counter; fish section / fish; poultry section / poultry;
  • dairy section / dairy products; fruit and vegetables section / produce department / fruits and vegetables;
  • frozen food section / frozen foods; canned goods section / canned goods;
  • deli counter / deli section / deli; candy section / confectionery / confections / sweets / candy;
  • beverages section, soft drinks section; pet food section;
  • customer, shopper, salesperson, salesclerk; shopping cart, shopping basket;
  • department / section, aisle, shelf, counter, refrigerator, freezer, scale;
  • checkout counter, cashier, cash register, to pay, receipt, groceries; paper bag, brown bag, plastic bag.


  • Grain and grain products: wheat, rye, oats, corn (maize), barley, buckwheat, rice;baked goods / bakery goods, bread, rolls, buns, cakes, cookies, pies; cereal, corn flakes, oat flakes, wheat flakes, rice flakes, muesli, popcorn; pasta, macaroni, noodles, spaghetti, vermicelli, angel-hair pasta, ravioli, dumplings; flour, dough, batter, cake mix;
  • Baked goods: bread, white bread, whole wheat bread, rye bread, raisin bread, garlic bread, sourdough bread, French bread / French loaf, pita bread, tortilla;
  • Rolls, buns: roll, bread roll, sesame roll, poppy seed roll, cinnamon roll, hamburger bun, hot dog bun, crescent roll / croissant, bagel;
  • Thin crispy breads:cracker, biscuit, cookie, toast, breadstick, pretzel, hardtack / ship biscuit, wafer, waffle, crouton;
  • Cakes: cake, shortcake, fruitcake, strawberry shortcake, coffee cake, chocolate chip cake; blueberry muffin, raisin muffin, cupcake, brownie, oatmeal cookie, chocolate cookie, gingerbread;birthday cake, wedding cake, Christmas cake, chocolate cake, honey cake, cheesecake, layer cake, napoleon, sponge cake, torte;
  • Pastry: pastry, home-made pie, apple pie, blueberry pie, tart, mince pie, meat pie, knish, pizza, doughnut, English muffin, fritters, pancakes, waffles;
  • Meat, poultry, fish: Meat and meat products: meat, beef, pork, veal, lamb, mutton;
  • beef steak, roast beef, ground beef, hamburgers, cutlets, spare ribs, pork chops, lamb chops, veal cutlets;ham, bacon, pastrami, corned beef; sausage, salami, smoked sausage, Bologna; hot dogs, link sausages, frankfurters, wieners; Poultry: poultry, chicken, turkey, goose, duck; whole chicken, chicken quarters, chicken leg, drumstick, chicken breast, turkey breast; eggs;
  • Fish and fish products : fish, salmon, trout, sturgeon, cod, sole, flatfish, pike, halibut, tuna, perch, sea bass, herring, eel, mackerel; fish steak, salmon steak, fish fillet, fillet of sole; smoked fish, salted fish, marinated herring, caviar;
  • Seafood: seafood, shrimp, prawns, crab, lobster, oysters, clams, shellfish, squid;
  • Dairy products: Milk and milk products: milk, whole milk, skim milk, low-fat milk, nonfat milk, pasteurized milk, dry milk, condensed milk;
  • yogurt, kefir, sour milk, buttermilk; cream, sour cream, butter;
  • cottage cheese, farmers' cheese, home-made cheese, cream cheese; Cheese: cheese, Swiss cheese, Parmesan, Cheddar, Mozzarella, Roquefort, blue cheese; hard cheese, soft cheese, sharp cheese, mild cheese, smoked cheese, grated cheese, cheese spread;
  • Ice cream: ice cream, sundae, vanilla ice cream, chocolate ice cream, ice cream cone;
  • Fruit, berries, dried fruit, nuts: Fruit: fresh fruit, apple, pear, apricot, peach, nectarine, plum, grapes, cherry, sweet cherry; lemon, lime, orange, tangerine, grapefruit;
  • banana, kiwi, olive, pineapple, papaya, mango, avocado, coconut, persimmon, pomegranate; melon, watermelon; Berries: berries, strawberry, blueberry, cranberry, raspberry, black currants, red currants, gooseberry, blackberry, whortleberry; Dried fruit: dried fruit, dried apricots, raisins, figs, prunes, dates, candied fruit; Nuts and seeds: nuts, hazelnuts, walnuts, almonds, chestnuts, peanuts; pistachio nuts, cashew nuts, pecans, macadamia nuts; apricot pits, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds;
  • Preserves: raspberry jam, cranberry jam, grape jelly, honey, maple syrup, peanut butter;
  • Vegetables, beans, herbs: Vegetables: fresh vegetables, salad vegetables, canned vegetables, leaf vegetables / greens; tomato, cucumber, onion, garlic, carrot, beets, potato, sweet pepper, paprika, hot pepper, chili pepper, green onions / spring onions, leek, mushrooms;cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, collards, artichoke, lettuce, spinach, celery, asparagus, cress, watercress; eggplant, aubergine, squash, gourd, zucchini, pumpkin, turnip, radish, horse radish; pickled cucumbers / pickles, marinated cucumbers, sauerkraut, canned olives; Peas, beans, corn: green peas, sweet peas, string beans, lima beans, kidney beans, black beans, soybeans, corn, sweet corn;
  • Herbs: dill, parsley, basil, coriander, mint;
  • Fruit juice, beverages, drinks: apple juice, orange juice, grapefruit juice, lemon juice, tomato juice, fresh fruit juice, frozen fruit juice;
  • tea, green tea, black tea, tea with milk, iced tea, herbal tea, mint tea, Indian tea; coffee, instant coffee, espresso, cappuccino, decaffeinated coffee / decaf, coffee with milk, coffee with cream, half-and-half, black coffee; cocoa, hot chocolate, milkshake;
  • Water, soft drinks: mineral water, spring water, soft drinks, soda water, lemonade, cider, ginger ale;
  • Alcoholic drinks / liquor: beer, wine, red wine, white wine, champagne; vodka, cognac, brandy, whisky, liqueur; cocktail, punch;
  • Sauces, salad dressings, vegetable oils, fats: tomato sauce, ketchup, mushroom sauce, meat sauce, steak sauce, gravy, spaghetti sauce, hot sauce, chili sauce, barbecue sauce, sweet-and-sour sauce, soy sauce, garlic sauce, white sauce, dip sauce, apple sauce, cranberry sauce; salad dressing, Russian dressing, Italian dressing, French dressing, blue-cheese dressing, mayonnaise; vegetable oil, olive oil, corn oil, sunflower seed oil, sesame oil; margarine, grease, lard, animal fat, vegetable fat;
  • Seasoning and spices: seasoning, spices, flavoring, condiment, relish;
  • pepper, ground pepper, whole pepper, red pepper, hot pepper, chili pepper, salt, mustard, garlic; herbs, seeds, bay leaf, basil, cinnamon, cloves, coriander, dill, parsley, nutmeg, mint, caraway, thyme, cardamom, tarragon, lemon peel, oregano, marjoram, rosemary;
  • Sweets, candy, chocolate: candies, sweets, caramels, mint drops, jelly beans, lollipop, bonbons; chocolates, chocolate candies, chocolate, chocolate bar, candy bar;taffy / toffee, fudge, marshmallow.

  • A bag of: a bag of potatoes, a bag of oranges, a bag of dog food, a bag of potato chips;
  • A bar of: a bar of chocolate, a candy bar, a bar of soap;
  • A bottle of: a bottle of milk, a bottle of mineral water, a bottle of grapefruit juice, a bottle of red wine, two bottles of beer, a bottle of ketchup, a bottle of soy sauce;
  • A bowl of: a bowl of breakfast cereal, a bowl of cornflakes, a bowl of salad, a bowl of soup;
  • A box of: a box of spaghetti, a box of corn flakes, a box of crackers, a box of cookies, a box of chocolates, a box of matches;
  • A bunch of: a bunch of parsley, a bunch of carrots, a bunch of radishes, a bunch of flowers;
  • A can of: a can of green peas, a can of olives, a can of tomato soup, a can of sardines, a can of beer, a can of hair spray;
  • A carton of: a carton of milk, a carton of fruit juice, a carton of eggs, a carton of cigarettes (ten packs of cigarettes);
  • A container of: a container of sour cream, a container / a cup of yogurt;
  • A cup of: a cup of coffee, a cup of tea, a cup of soup, a (plastic) cup of coffee;
  • A dozen: a dozen eggs, two dozen eggs, a dozen oranges, a dozen bread rolls, a dozen hamburger buns;
  • A gallon of: a gallon of milk, a gallon of spring water;
  • A glass of: a glass of milk, a glass of beer, a glass of wine;
  • A head of: a head of cabbage, a head of cauliflower, two heads of garlic;
  • A jar of: a jar of coffee, a jar of mayonnaise, a jar of raspberry jam, a jar of pickles;
  • A loaf of: a loaf of bread, a loaf of French bread, two loaves of rye bread;
  • A mug of: a mug of beer, a mug of coffee;
  • A package of: a package of hot dogs, a package of chicken legs, a package of sesame rolls, a package of cookies, a package of cottage cheese, a package of popcorn, a package of beans, a package of candies;
  • A pack of: a pack of chewing gum, a pack of cigarettes, a pack of cards; a six-pack of beer, a twelve-pack of mineral water, a twin pack;
  • A piece of: a piece of bread, a piece of cake, a piece of pie, a piece of fruit;
  • A pint of: a pint of blueberries, a pint of cream, a pint of beer;
  • A pound of: a pound of meat, three pounds of ground beef, a pound of cheese, a half pound of butter, two pounds of tomatoes;
  • A quart of: a quart of milk, a quart of apple juice, two quarts of orange juice;
  • A roll of: a roll of toilet paper, a roll of paper towels, a roll of foil, a roll of film;
  • A slice of: a slice of bread, a slice of pie, a slice of pizza, a slice of cheese, a slice of meat; a slice of tomato;
  • A teaspoon of: a teaspoon of instant coffee, a teaspoon of syrup; a tablespoon of salt; Sugar: a lump of sugar; two lumps of sugar; a cube of sugar; a teaspoon of sugar; a spoonful of sugar;
  • A tube of: a tube of mustard, a tube of hand cream, a tube of shampoo, a tube of toothpaste;
  • One, two, five: two fish, four salmon steaks, five frozen hamburgers, three cinnamon buns, six oranges.


1 ounce (oz.) = 28.35 grams (g)
1 pound (lb.) = 16 ounces = 453.6 grams
2.2 pounds = 1 kilogram (kg)


1 pint (pt.) = 0.473 liters (L, l)
1 quart (qt.) = 2 pints = 0.946 liters

1 gallon (gal.) = 4 quarts = 3.785 liters

Inside a clothes shop.

General questions you can ask in a clothing store.
  1. Can you tell me where the dressing room is?
  2. I can't seem to find my size.
  3. Can you help me look for it please?
  4. Do you have this in different colours?
  5. Where is the black shirt you have on display in the shop window?
  6. How much is this jumper?
  7. Will you be having a sale soon?
  8. Where is the matching shirt for this skirt?
  9. When are you going to get more sizes?
  10. I'm looking for a belt that will go with these pants.
  11. Doe's the shop have alteration service?
  12. What will it cost be if I get the skirt altered?
  13. When will you  start selling your winter clothes collection?
  14. What day will you be getting your winter clothes collection?
How to answer some of the above questions.
  1. The dressing room is on left at the bottom of the store.
  2. The dressing room is over there next to the jeans.
  3. All our jumpers are located next to the t-shirts at the front of the store.
  4. We get new stock every Monday, so I if you want to try next week.
  5. Yes the store does have alterations ask at the information desk.
  6. Alterations, start from six pounds.
  7. Alterations normally takes one week, but can be quicker depending on our work load. If you leave the shirt today you will be able to pick them up next Friday.
  8. We'll have our winter collection on show late October.


Friday, 8 December 2017



There are two common ways of telling the time.

1)   Say the hour first and then the minutes.
  • 6:25 - It's six twenty-five
  • 8:05 - It's eight O-five (the O is said like the letter O)
  • 9:11 - It's nine eleven
  • 2:34 - It's two thirty-four

2)   Say the minutes first and then the hour. 

For minutes 1-30 we use PAST after the minutes.
For minutes 31-59 we use TO after the minutes.
  • 2:35 - It's twenty-five to three
  • 11:20 - It's twenty past eleven
  • 4:18 - It's eighteen past four
  • 8:51 - It's nine to nine
  • 2:59 - It's one to three

When it is 15 minutes past the hour we normally say: (A) QUARTER PAST
  • 7:15 - It's (a) quarter past seven
When it is 15 minutes before the hour we normally say: A QUARTER TO
  • 12:45 - It's (a) quarter to one
When it is 30 minutes past the hour we normally say: HALF PAST
  • 3:30 - It's half past three (but we can also say three-thirty)


We use O’CLOCK when there are NO minutes.
  • 10:00 - It's ten o'clock
  • 5:00 - It's five o'clock
  • 1:00 - It's one o'clock
Sometimes it is written as 9 o'clock (THE NUMBER + O’CLOCK)


For 12:00 there are three expressions in English.
  • twelve o'clock 
  • midday = noon 
  • midnight

The common question forms we use to ask for the time right now are:
  • What time is it?
  • What is the time?
A more polite way to ask for the time, especially from a stranger is:
  • Could you tell me the time please?
The common question forms we use to ask at what time a specific event will happen are:
What time...?
  • What time does the flight to New York leave?
  • When does the bus arrive from London?
  • When does the concert begin?


We use It is or It's to respond to the questions that ask for the time right now.
  • It is half past five (5:30).
  • It's ten to twelve (11:50)
We use the structure AT + TIME when giving the time of a specific event.
  • The bus arrives at midday (12:00).
  • The flight leaves at a quarter to two (1:45).
  • The concert begins at ten o'clock. (10:00)
We can also use subject pronouns in these responses.
  • It arrives at midday (12:00).
  • It leaves at a quarter to two (1:45).
  • It begins at ten o'clock. (10:00)

AM vs. PM

We don't normally use the 24-hour clock in English.
We use a.m. (am) for the morning and p.m. (pm) for the afternoon and night.
3am = Three o'clock in the morning.
3pm = Three o'clock in the afternoon.




Thursday, 7 December 2017


A house is a building that functions as a home. Most conventional modern houses will at least contain a bedroombathroomkitchen or cooking area, and a living roomEach room has a different function & contains a lot of objects inside… 

1. The Living Room

NOTE:   BrE = British English   NAmE = Native American English

The living room is the place in the house you're most likely to "hang out" in. It usually has a couch, chairs, and most importantly TV's, VCR's, stereosand video game consoles and games

Essential Objects in the Living Room
·         Carpet - This can be used to cover an entire floor to make it softer to walk on.
·         Rug This is like a carpet but doesn’t usually cover the entire floor.
·          Sofa / couch - This is a large, soft chair, usually meant for several people to sit on
·         Coffee table - This is a low table typically placed in front of a sofa.
·         Television / TV You’ll often find this in a living room as a main source of entertainment for the family.
·         TV stand What piece of furniture does a TV usually rest on.
·         Side table - This is a small table placed beside couches for drinks, books, etc.
·         Fire iron / poker This a long, metal instrument used to tend a fire.
·          Futon / pull-out sofa / sofa-bed This is a type of sofa that can be unfolded to become a bed, in case you have a guest sleeping over.
·          Bean bag This is a squishy, shapeless chair filled with beans, beads, or something similar.

2. The Kitchen

A kitchen is a room or part of a room used for cooking and food preparation in a dwelling or in a commercial establishment. The main function of a kitchen is serving as a location for storing, cooking and preparing food (and doing related tasks such as dishwashing), but it may also be used for dining and entertaining.

Objects in the Kitchen
Kitchen is where all the furniture and appliances come together in a package, rather than separate.
Here are some furniture and kitchen utensils & appliances you can find in the kitchen 
·         A kitchen table and chairs
·         Kitchen cupboards (for storage) at eye level fixed to the wall, or at floor level
·         A fridge and perhaps a freezeror a fridge-freezer (a large fridge with a small freezer built in – often there are three freezer "drawers" for example)
·         A cooker which consists of an oven (for cooking roast meat, or baking cakes, etc) and a hob (four or five rings for cooking pasta etc)
·         A sink (for washing plates, washing vegetables etc)
·         Work surfaces (for preparing food)
·         A dishwasher (machine to wash plates etc)
·         Measuring Cup Use a measuring cup to measure how much of each ingredient you need to use in the recipe. Many measuring cups are labeled in cups, ounces and milliliters.
·         Can Opener : There is also an automatic type called an electric can opener.
·         Peeler Use a peeler to peel (remove the skin from) fruits and vegetables.
·         Grater : Use a grater to grate or shred food into small pieces.
·         Colander A colander is often used to drain (remove the extra water) from cooked pasta.
·         Sieve / Strainer A sieve or strainer is often used to separate liquids from solids.
·         Whisk A whisk is used for mixing.

3. The Bathroom

A bathroom is a room in the home for personal hygiene activities, generally containing a sink (basin) and either a bathtub, a shower, or both. In some countries, the toilet is included in this room, for ease of plumbing, whereas other cultures consider this insanitary, and give that fixture a room of its own.
Items in the Bathroom

·         Bathtub: a container that is filled with water to take a bath (or to take a shower).
·         Comb:  a flat piece made of plastic or metal with teeth to help make one's hair neat / tidy.
·         Faucet:  a device that controls the flow of water from a pipe.
·         Hair brush (brush):  A metal or plastic object that has bristles and is used to make one's hair neat and tidy.
·         Liquid soap:  a liquid substance that is used with water to get the body clean.
·         Mirror: a piece of glass that reflects an image.
·         Sink:  a wide bowl that has a faucet and a drain to let the water out. It is usually attached to the wall or is positioned on top of a pedestal.
·         Toilet:  a large bowl that you sit on that collects bodily waste which is flushed away through a pipe with water.
·         Toilet paper:  thin sheets of paper that is used to wipe the body after one uses the toilet.
·         Toothbrush: a plastic object with a handle an bristles that is used to clean the teeth.
·         Toothpaste: a creamy substance that's used to clean the teeth.
·         Towel:  a piece of fabric, usually made of cotton, for drying the body.

4. The Bedroom

As its namebedroom in the house is where people sleep. Furniture and other items in bedrooms vary greatly, depending on taste, local traditions and the socioeconomic status of an individual.

Here are some typical furniture and items can be found in the bedroom:

·         Dressing table : a piece of bedroom furniture with drawers and a mirror, that you use while dressing or putting on makeup, etc.
·         Bed : a piece of furniture on which you sleep or rest.
·         Bedspread : a decorative cloth put over a bed, on the top of all the other covers.
·         Blanket : a large piece of cloth, often made of wool, that you use on a bed to keep you warm.
·         Pillow : a rectangular bag made of cloth that is filled with soft materials, and is used to rest your head on when you are lying.
·         Alarm clock : a clock that wakes you up at specified time.
·         Wardrobe("closet" in American English) : a large piece of furniture or a space in a wall with a door where you hang your clothes.